All Ping Options in Windows.

By | April 11, 2022

Ping is the best utility to major the Packet Loss, Latency in the network. There are many options
available in ping but I will tell you a few important options which are most needed.

OptionsMeanings
-tPing the specified host until interrupted. To see statistics and continue – type Control-Break. To stop – type Control-C.
-aResolve addresses to hostnames.
-n Set the number of echo requests to send. Default is 4.
-lSet the length (in bytes) of the data field (send buffer size). The default is 32 bytes. Maximum is 65,527.
-fSet the Don’t Fragment flag in packet (IPv4-only) in the IP header set to 1. The echo Request message cannot be fragmented by routers in the path to the destination. This parameter is useful for troubleshooting path Maximum Transmission Unit (PMTU) problems.
-iSet the Time To Live value. The default is the default TTL value of the host. The maximum TTL is 255.
-vType Of Service (IPv4-only. This setting has been deprecated and has no effect on the type of service field in the IP Header).
-rRecord route for count hops (IPv4-only).Count must be a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 9.
-sTimestamp for count hops (IPv4-only). Count must be a minimum of 1 and a maximum of 4.
-jLoose source route along host-list (IPv4-only). With loose source routing, successive intermediate destinations can be separated by one or more routers. The maximum number of addresses of names is the host list is nine (9). The hostlist is simply a series of IP addresses in dotted-decimal notation (e.g., 192.168.128.8) each separated by spaces. This parameter is only for IPv4 addresses.
-kStrict source route along host-list (IPv4-only). With strict source routing, successive intermediate destinations must be directly reachable. The maximum number of addresses of names in the host list is nine (9). The hostlist is simply a series of IP addresses in dotted-decimal notation (e.g., 192.168.128.8) each separated by spaces. This parameter is only for IPv4 addresses.
-wTimeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.
-RUse routing header to test reverse route also (IPv6-only). Per RFC 5095 the use of this routing header has been deprecated. Some systems may drop echo requests if this header is used.
-SSource address to use (IPv6-only).
-cRouting compartment identifier.
-pPing a Hyper-V Network Virtualization provider address.
-4Force tracert to use IPv4 for the trace.
-6Force tracert to use IPv6 for the trace.
/?Displays help information.

1-Normal Ping

Open your cmd and run the ping command as given below .

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping google.com

Pinging google.com [142.250.192.110] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=85ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=81ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 142.250.192.110:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 78ms, Maximum = 85ms, Average = 80ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>



C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping 142.250.192.110

Pinging 142.250.192.110 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=81ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 142.250.192.110:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 78ms, Maximum = 81ms, Average = 79ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>

2-Continuous Ping .

To run a continuous ping , You have to use the option called -t

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping google.com -t

Pinging google.com [142.250.192.110] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=84ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=83ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=85ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=84ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=82ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=83ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=82ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=84ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=90ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=82ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=81ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=80ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=78ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.192.110: bytes=32 time=79ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 142.250.192.110:
    Packets: Sent = 23, Received = 23, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 78ms, Maximum = 90ms, Average = 81ms
Control-C
^C
C:\WINDOWS\system32>

3-Ping using -n option.

-n option used for the number of ping packets we want to send. By default in windows, it sends 4 ping packets only .Lets say we want to 10 ping packets.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping -n 10 google.com

Pinging google.com [216.58.203.46] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=72ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=77ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=71ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=86ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=72ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=72ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 216.58.203.46:
    Packets: Sent = 10, Received = 10, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 68ms, Maximum = 86ms, Average = 72ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>


4-Ping with customer Packet size using -l option.

As we know ping command uses the services of the Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP), the latter being encapsulated in the IP header. Therefore, the ping utility operates basically on layer 3 (the Network layer) of the OSI model. By default in windows, the ping packet size is 32Byte.But if you want you can set the packet size on your own, the packet size can be up to 65535.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping -l 1472 google.com

Pinging google.com [142.250.67.206] with 1472 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.67.206: bytes=68 (sent 1472) time=69ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.67.206: bytes=68 (sent 1472) time=69ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.67.206: bytes=68 (sent 1472) time=71ms TTL=117
Reply from 142.250.67.206: bytes=68 (sent 1472) time=68ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 142.250.67.206:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 68ms, Maximum = 71ms, Average = 69ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>

5-Ping to Find Hostname of an IP Address.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping -a 216.58.203.46

Pinging hkg12s10-in-f46.1e100.net [216.58.203.46] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=70ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=68ms TTL=117
Reply from 216.58.203.46: bytes=32 time=71ms TTL=117

Ping statistics for 216.58.203.46:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 68ms, Maximum = 71ms, Average = 69ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>

6-PING to an IP Address to find the Domain Name of that IP.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping google.com

Pinging google.com [142.250.206.110] with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.206.110: bytes=32 time=47ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.206.110: bytes=32 time=48ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.206.110: bytes=32 time=45ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.206.110: bytes=32 time=46ms TTL=118

Ping statistics for 142.250.206.110:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 45ms, Maximum = 48ms, Average = 46ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>

7-How to take Help from CMD.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping /?

Usage: ping [-t] [-a] [-n count] [-l size] [-f] [-i TTL] [-v TOS]
            [-r count] [-s count] [[-j host-list] | [-k host-list]]
            [-w timeout] [-R] [-S srcaddr] [-c compartment] [-p]
            [-4] [-6] target_name

Options:
    -t             Ping the specified host until stopped.
                   To see statistics and continue - type Control-Break;
                   To stop - type Control-C.
    -a             Resolve addresses to hostnames.
    -n count       Number of echo requests to send.
    -l size        Send buffer size.
    -f             Set Don't Fragment flag in packet (IPv4-only).
    -i TTL         Time To Live.
    -v TOS         Type Of Service (IPv4-only. This setting has been deprecated
                   and has no effect on the type of service field in the IP
                   Header).
    -r count       Record route for count hops (IPv4-only).
    -s count       Timestamp for count hops (IPv4-only).
    -j host-list   Loose source route along host-list (IPv4-only).
    -k host-list   Strict source route along host-list (IPv4-only).
    -w timeout     Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.
    -R             Use routing header to test reverse route also (IPv6-only).
                   Per RFC 5095 the use of this routing header has been
                   deprecated. Some systems may drop echo requests if
                   this header is used.
    -S srcaddr     Source address to use.
    -c compartment Routing compartment identifier.
    -p             Ping a Hyper-V Network Virtualization provider address.
    -4             Force using IPv4.
    -6             Force using IPv6.


C:\WINDOWS\system32>

8-Ping with Don’t Fragment bit.

You can use -f option in PING if you want that the packet no need to be fragmented .in My network only 1452 Byte payload is supported .

C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping -l 1453 -f google.com

Pinging google.com [142.250.193.46] with 1453 bytes of data:
Reply from 192.168.1.1: Packet needs to be fragmented but DF set.
Packet needs to be fragmented but DF set.
Packet needs to be fragmented but DF set.

Ping statistics for 142.250.193.46:
    Packets: Sent = 3, Received = 1, Lost = 2 (66% loss),
Control-C
^C
C:\WINDOWS\system32>ping -l 1452 -f google.com

Pinging google.com [142.250.193.46] with 1452 bytes of data:
Reply from 142.250.193.46: bytes=68 (sent 1452) time=47ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.193.46: bytes=68 (sent 1452) time=48ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.193.46: bytes=68 (sent 1452) time=51ms TTL=118
Reply from 142.250.193.46: bytes=68 (sent 1452) time=46ms TTL=118

Ping statistics for 142.250.193.46:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 46ms, Maximum = 51ms, Average = 48ms

C:\WINDOWS\system32>

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