Software development is basically a term that is used for designing and writing code for computer operating systems, smartphone or computer apps, and non-PC devices such as Watches, GPS Devices etc . The programming language that a software developer uses depends on the task he/she wants to perform . Because based on the demand and accuracy the developer chooses the language and also the developer must be familiar with that language.
Types of Development
System Programming: Those who are basically Systems programmers, They design and write system software. Such as, a computer’s operating system, such as macOS or Windows etc . Although Java and Python are great languages for system programming, C++ is the most popular choice.
Application Programming: Application programmers produce code for programs that perform a specific task, such as accounting software, media players, Management Software, and word processors. Java, Python, and C++ are among the common languages used to create apps.
Embedded Software: Professionals who work with embedded software write code for software used in non-PC devices, such as smartwatches, standalone GPS devices, and certain types of calculators. This software operates the device it’s installed on. As with application programming, Java, Python, and C++ are popular choices for writing embedded software code.
Important Languages to learn .
Although there are a variety of programming languages for software development, aspiring developers will be well-served by mastering four essential languages: Java, Python, C++, and Scala.
Java: Java is a general-purpose programming language designed to work on a variety of platforms. For example, it is a popular coding language for the internet, because webpages are accessed by different types of devices. Java is also a popular choice for Android smartphone application development.
Python: Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language, which makes it an excellent choice for web and application development. It’s relatively simple and has a unique syntax that emphasizes readability. According to the Python Software Foundation, Python programs generally run slower than Java programs but are three to five times shorter than an equivalent Java program. This type of code is commonly used to develop websites and web applications.
C++: C++ is an object-oriented language that can be used for both high-level and low-level functions. It has an intermediate difficulty level and can be used for everything from displaying video game graphics to extracting data from large data sets. This universal programming language works on all types of operating systems and can be used to develop any type of software.
Scala: Scala is a newer programming language starting to gain popularity. Compared with Java and C++, it’s relatively easy to learn. According to a recent Lifewire article, “Scala can often be written in a fraction of the number of lines required to write an equivalent function in Java. This has a productivity benefit in allowing developers to do more functional work in a given workday. Fewer lines of code make for easier testing, code review, and debugging.”