Tag Archives: CCNA

Day-26: Cisco Discovery Protocol.

CDP is a Cisco discovery protocol and it is a Cisco proprietary protocol. CDP is a Layer 2 protocol for neighbor discovery. CDP Provides information on the platform, interface, IP address, and OS version. CDP runs on the data-link layer and is enabled by default. CDP helps to prepare the map of the network diagram . Enabling CDP.… Read More »

Day-25: Introduction to Switching.

The switch is a multiport bridge, It means both bridge and switches divide the collision and broadcast domain, and both work on Layer 2 of the OSI model. Layer 2 Switch is a form of Ethernet switch that switches packets by looking at their physical addresses (MAC addresses). These switches operate at the data-link layer 2 of the… Read More »

Day-24 : Configuring Telnet.

Historically, Telnet provided access to a command-line interface on a remote host. However, because of serious security concerns when using Telnet over an open network such as the Internet, its use for this purpose has waned significantly in favor of SSH. Telnet is basically used for accessing the network device remotely for management purposes. because it’s not possible… Read More »

Day-22: Basic and Initial Configuration Commands in Cisco Routers & Switches.

As we have already discussed that CISCO device has a command hierarchy and it has multiple modes in CLI. The basic CLI modes that we will be referring to below are as follows: Router> =User EXEC ModeRouter# = Privileged EXEC modeRouter(config)#= Global Configuration ModeRouter(config-if)# =Interface Configuration ModeRouter(config-line)# =Line Configuration Mode How to configure the Hostname? How To Configure… Read More »

Day-21: Cisco IOS Command Structure.

IOS has a command hierarchy Router> – User EXEC mode Router# – Privileged EXEC mode Router(config)# – Configuration mode (notice the # sign indicates this is accessible only at privileged EXEC mode) Router(config-if)# – Interface level within configuration mode Router(config-router)# – Routing engine level within configuration mode Router(config-line)# – Line level (vty, tty, async) within configuration mode User… Read More »

Day-23: Securing Cisco Devices By Configuring Passwords.

In this blog, we will discuss, How we can configure the password in our cisco devices for preventing unauthorized access. IOS has a command hierarchy Router> – User (or EXEC) mode Router# – Privileged EXEC (or Enable) mode Configuration modes Router(config)#  – Global Configuration Mode. Router(config-if)# – Interface Configuration Mode. Router(config-router)#     – Router Configuration Mode. Once you will… Read More »

Day-20: Cisco Device Startup-Sequence.

In this post, we will discuss what exactly happens inside a cisco device when we power on a cisco device. When you power on the Cisco router or switches, The first thing they try to discover is the device hardware like interface details, CPU details, Memory details, etc. Once the hardware check will be Ok and ready to… Read More »

Day-19: Introduction To Cisco IOS.

Cisco IOS (Internetwork Operating System) is the software used on a majority of Cisco Systems routers and switches. IOS consists of routing, switching, internetworking, and telecommunications functions in a multitasking operating system. Most Cisco devices (including routers and switches) use a CLI (Command Line Interface) to configure the network device. The CLI is an interface, based on text.… Read More »

Day-18: Collision & Broadcast Domain.

Collisions will happen in an Ethernet Network when two devices simultaneously try to send data on the Shared Media since Shared Media is half-duplex and sending and receiving are not supported at the same time. Collisions are a normal part of life in an Ethernet network when Ethernet operates in Half-duplex and under most circumstances should not be… Read More »

Day-17: Half & Full Duplex .

Duplex in networking often refers to a point-to-point communication system and its ability to send and receive information. Bi-directional network data transmission can be achieved by using a full-duplex device. Data can move in two directions, but not simultaneously when it is in half-duplex mode. The term duplex is used to describe the capability of sending and receiving… Read More »